Smoke Documents


These studies, articles, and documents were researched while assembling the Stage Fog article for the Spring 2016 ASEPO newsletter. 


Following a brief ban on using theatrical fogs in Broadway and San Francisco Opera productions in the early 2000's, several studies were undertaken that established safe levels for theatrical fog, and its usage was again allowed. Several more studies have since been undertaken adding further clarification of safe practices.


As a result of the studies from almost two decades ago, the entertainment industry recommends against the use of fogging fluids containing Ethylene or Diethylene Glycols. Acceptable fluids proven to be very safe include Triethylene and Propylene Glycols, which serve not only the theatrical, but also the medical and pharmaceutical industries.


Click on the titles to view and download full documents.



STUDIES & REPORTS


1985 Colenutt Report


1989 The Smoke Report


1994 NIOSH Report


1997 ESTA-Cohen Report


1997 HSE Report for ESTA


1999 CSATF Safety Bulletin #10


2000 Moline-ENVIRON Report


2001 ENVIRON Report


2002 ESTA Report


2003 SHAPE-BCU Report


2003 American Chemistry Council Update


2004 Safety Issues for Glycol/Glycerol...Effects


2005 JIM Report


2006 ENVIRON Calibration Factors


2009 ESTA Report


2016 ENVIRON Calibration Factors and Time/Distance Guidelines


2018 ESTA Report


2019 AURA H&S Calibration Factors


2019 AURA H&S Final Calibration Factors


2019 CSATF Safety Bulletin #10


2019 Safety Bulletin #10 "Addendum A"



NEWS ARTICLES


2001 Broadway Musicals


2002 San Francisco Opera


2011 Fire Training Incident



DOCUMENTS


How to Monitor Glycol, Glycerol, and Mineral Oil


Glycol-Based Fluid SDS


Mineral Oil SDS


Smoke Fluid Selection Guide









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